The body’s stress responses

When you perceive a threat, your nervous system responds by releasing a flood of stress hormones including adrenaline and cortisol. These hormones rouse the body defences. How much stress is too much? But beyond a certain point, stress being helpful and starts causing major damage to your health, mood, productivity, relationship and your quality of … Read more

Prospects and challenges associated in combating HIV/AIDS

Challenges associated in combating the spread of HIV/AIDS are: 1)           Most people lack information about the HIV/AIDS infection, so they don’t know how it can be contacted thereby making them feel that virus does exist. And some people still sees the virus as a spiritual sickness. 2)     Regular HIV/AIDS screening also helps a lot in … Read more

Factors responsible for the increasing spread of HIV/AIDS

Many researchers have been carried out to show the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among women. Standing and Kisekka (1989) reported that research in HIV/AIDS is increasingly recognizing the socio cultural, economic, environmental and political dimensions of the epidemic. Another factors contributing to the high level oh HIV transmission is environmental elements like sanitation, diet, unavailable health … Read more

Signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS

According to Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC 2004) signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS varies depending on the phase or stage of infection. Early signs (within the first week) when first infected with HIV, you may have no sign or symptoms at all, although you are still able to transmit the virus to another. … Read more

Stages of HIV/AIDS

According to NIHAIDS info-stages of HIV Infection without treatment, HIV advances in stages, overwhelming your immune system and getting worse over time. There are three (3) stages of HIV infection, which are; (1) Acute HIV infection (2) Clinical latency (3) AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). However there is good news by using HIV medicines (called antiretroviral … Read more

Misconception about the spread of HIV/AIDS

The misconception about the spread of HIV/AIDS are described by Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) 2006, In seminar of HIV counseling and testing(HCT) as follows, that HIV is not a risk in causal contact with family, friends or community.HIV canny be transmitted by coughing, sneezing, being bitten by an insect,(e.g. mosquitoes), touching or hugging ,holding … Read more

Mode of transmission of HIV

HIV can only be transmitted from an infected person to another through direct contact of body fluids such as ; ·         Blood (including menstrual blood). ·         Semen/Cum/precum/ejaculate. ·         Vaginal secretions. ·         Breast milk. The World Health Organisation (WHO) Identify three main routes of HIV transmission among the general population. The first one is though unprotected … Read more

Overview of HIV/AIDS

HIV was discovered to be the cause of AIDS in 1983.It is said to have being originated in monkey and have first infected humans in the mid 20th century.HIV  have caused several and ultimately fatal failure of the immune system to protect the body against many kinds of infection, resulting in health complications that are … Read more

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(HIV/AIDS)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of condition caused by infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV),following initial infection, a person may experience a brief period of influenza like illness. This is typically followed by prolonged period without symptoms as the infection progresses, it interferes more and more with … Read more

Benefits of ISO

1.  Select processes and objects for measurement: Organizations need to define what needs to be measured and the scope of measurement. Only well documented processes that are consistent and repeatable should be considered for measurement. An object may include processes, plans, projects, resources, and systems, or system components. Objects of measurement can also be performance … Read more

Branches of health informatics

1.    Nursing informatics: This is the application of nursing informatics knowledge is empowering for all healthcare practitioners in achieving patient centered care. Nurse informaticians work as developers of communication and information technologies, educators, researchers, chief nursing officers, chief information officers, software engineers, implementation consultants, policy developers, and business owners, to advance healthcare. It is basically … Read more

Chemical composition of contact lenses

Contact lenses can be categorized as soft conventional hydrogel, silicone hydrogel, or rigid gas permeable contact lenses. According to Contact Lens Spectrum, all contact lenses utilize a polymer backbone. A polymer is a chemical chain formed from linking many smaller molecules.   Soft Conventional Hydrogel o  Soft conventional hydrogel contact lenses share a common backbone … Read more

Types of bandages and their uses

  S/N TYPES OF BANDAGES                                   USES 1 Tailed or spider bandage It is a square piece of cloth  cut or torn into strips from the ends towards the centre left as necessary. The bandage is covered on the wound and the ends are tied separately. 2 Soft padded bandage Consist of cotton padding gauze … Read more

Health informatics

Health informatics is the study of resources and methods for the management of health information. This area of study supports health information technology, medical practice, medical research and medical informatics. To that end, health informatics involves systems such as electronic health records (EHR) and electronic medical records (EMR), health information exchange standards such as Health … Read more

Management of epilepsy

Management of epilepsy involves the individual understanding of his or her condition and making lifestyle changes to control it. Some of these lifestyle changes include: ·         Taking medication correctly: Patients should not adjust their dosage unless on the advice of a doctor. ·         Getting enough sleep: Lack of sleep can trigger seizures. Patient should be … Read more

Diagnosis of epilepsy

·         Physical examination:  This carried out by a doctor by reviewing an individual’s symptoms and medical history. This is follow by several tests to diagnose epilepsy and determine the cause of seizures. ·         Neurological examination: This involves testing an individual behavior, motor abilities, mental function and other areas to diagnose the condition and determine if … Read more

Risk factors for epilepsy

Certain factors may increase the risk of epilepsy in an individual. These factors include: ·         Age: The onset of epilepsy is most common during early childhood and after age 60, but the condition can occur at any age. ·         Family history: If an individual have a family history of epilepsy, he/she may be at an … Read more

Types of epilepsy

Epilepsy can be classified into five major types based on the type of seizures experience by the patient. These types are idiopathic, cryptogenic, symptomatic, generalized and focal or partial epilepsy. Idiopathic epilepsy: No apparent cause can be found. Cryptogenic epilepsy: No damage to the brain has been identified but other factors suggest the brain has … Read more


Cabbage has a round shape and is composed of superimposed leaf layers. It is a member of the food family traditionally known as cruciferous vegetables and is related to kale, broccoli, collards, and Brussels sprouts. All cruciferous vegetables provide integrated nourishment across awide variety of nutritional categories and provide broad support across a wide variety … Read more

Dietary management in post surgical condition after gastric bypass surgery

Dietary management in surgical condition The following are general dietary management for a patient after gastric bypasssurgery. This is a type of surgery that helps the patient to lose weight by changing how thestomach and small intestine handle the food that the patient eats. After the surgery, your stomach will be smaller and the patient … Read more

Possible Solutions to the Issue of Maladministration in Health Care System

Good management of health care system according to McFarland (2008) is the type of management which guides others forward through instruction and example. Good administration is a quality that is important in every aspect of an organization especially in the health care system. Poor administration can cause many problems for health care administrators and for … Read more

Bad Attitude of Health Workers towards the Actualization of Health Services

Poor attitude of health care services administers and health care workers according to Oyibo (2012) has lead to the collapse of public health sector in terms of provision of facilities and equipments as well as adequate manpower to cater for the teaming masses trouping in to such places more or less their only succour and … Read more