Nutritional Assessment, Prevalence and Predictors of Malnutrition among Children Aged 0 – 5 Years

World Health Organisation (WHO) (2020) defines malnutrition as deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. The term malnutrition covers 2 broad groups of conditions. One is ‘undernutrition’—which includes stunting (low height for age), wasting (low weight for height), underweight (low weight for age) and micronutrient deficiencies or insufficiencies (a lack … Read more

Comprehensive Assessment of the Causes, Treatment and Management of Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

According to Naish and Court (2014), hypertension also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. Blood pressure is the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls of the body’s arteries, the major blood vessels in the body. Hypertension is when blood pressure is too high. Blood pressure is … Read more

10 Natural Foods for Breast Enlargement and Enhancement: No Need for Plastic (Cosmetic) Surgery

Breast enlargement is a process of increasing the size of the breasts. It can happen naturally, as in mammoplasia, or it can happen by active intervention. Many women consider their breasts, which are female secondary sex traits, to be vital to their physical beauty and a symbol of femininity that affects their sense of self. … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Okra: Overview |Origin |Nutritional Value |Culinary Uses |Health Benefits

Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus), also known as ladies’ fingers or ochro in many English-speaking countries, is a flowering plant in the mallow family. It is valued for its edible green seed pods. It is common to the Eastern Hemisphere’s tropics and is commonly cultivated or naturalized in the Western Hemisphere’s tropics and subtropics. Just the tender, … Read more

Considering Elective Abortion? Notable Facts You Need to Know

What is Abortion? Abortion is the removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus from a pregnant woman. A miscarriage, also known as a “spontaneous abortion,” is a spontaneous abortion that happens in around 30 percent to 40 percent of pregnancies. An induced abortion, or less often “induced miscarriage,” is when deliberate measures are taken … Read more

Treatment and Management of Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence)

The failure to get and maintain a solid enough erection for sex is referred to as erectile dysfunction (impotence). Having erection issues now and then isn’t really a cause for alarm. However, if erectile dysfunction is a long-term concern, it can cause depression, lower self-esteem, and lead to relationship issues. Problems obtaining or maintaining an … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Peanuts (Groundnuts): Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

The peanut (Arachis hypogaea), also known as the groundnut, goober (US), pindar (US), or monkey nut (UK), is a legume crop grown primarily for its edible seeds. It is commonly grown in the tropics and subtropics, with both small and large commercial farmers relying on it. Peanut pods grow underground (geocarpy) rather than above ground, … Read more

Dietary Management of Tuberculosis | Causes | Signs and Symptoms | Risk Factors | Mode of Transmission | Pathogenesis | Diagnosis | Prevention | Treatment

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. Most infections do not have symptoms, in which case it is known as latent tuberculosis. About 10% of latent infections progress to active disease which, if left untreated, kills … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Avocado Pear

The avocado (Persea americana), a tree likely originating from South Central Mexico, is classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae. The fruit of the plant, also called an avocado (or avocado pear or alligator pear), is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed. Commercially valuable with production increasing worldwide over … Read more

Dietary Management of Sickle Cell Disease | Overview | Causes | Types | Signs and Symptoms | Diagnosis | Complications | Treatment | Dietary Management

Introduction Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person’s parents; the most common type is known as sickle cell anaemia (SCA). It results in an abnormality in the oxygen-carrying protein haemoglobin found in red blood cells. This leads to a rigid, sickle-like shape under certain circumstances. Problems in … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Cashew: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

The cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) is a tropical evergreen tree that bears the cashew seed and the pseudofruit known as the cashew apple. Its English name comes from the Portuguese name for the cashew tree’s fruit, caju, also known as acaju, which comes from the Tupian word acajú, literally meaning “nut that produces itself”. The … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Papaya (Pawpaw): Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

The papaya (also known as papaw or pawpaw) is a plant belonging to the genus Carica and the family Caricaceae. It is one of the 22 recognized plants in the genus Carica. The papaya tree is a small, sparsely branched tree with spirally arranged leaves restricted to the top of the trunk, typically with a … Read more

Socio-cultural factors influencing acceptance of family planning among rural women of child bearing age in Urhiephron community  Ughelli South Local Government Area of Delta State.

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the study The principle of population control is family planning. Research on fertility determinant during the last four decades has focused on economic and socio cultural factors that affect the attitude of individual or couples towards family size. More than half a million women nearly all of them in … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Oranges: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

The orange is the fruit of many citrus species belonging to the Rutaceae family. Oranges are round, orange-colored citrus fruits that grow on trees; the term primarily refers to Citrus sinensis, also known as sweet orange, as opposed to Citrus aurantium, also known as bitter orange. Asexual reproduction (apomixis through nucellar embryony) is used by … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Garlic: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

Garlic (Allium sativum) is a member of the Allium family of onions. Onion, shallot, leek, chive, Welsh onion, and Chinese onion are close relatives. It’s native to Central Asia and northeastern Iran, and it’s been used as a seasoning for thousands of years around the world. It was used as a food flavoring as well … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Bell Pepper: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

The bell pepper, also known as sweet pepper, pepper, or capsicum, is the fruit of Capsicum annum plants belonging to the Grossum cultivar family. The plant grows fruits in a number of colors, including red, yellow, orange, green, white, and purple cultivars. “Sweet peppers” is a term used to describe bell peppers and other peppers … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Eggplant: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

Eggplant also referred to as garden egg is a nightshade plant that belongs to the Solanaceae family. The edible fruit of Solanum melongena is grown all over the world. The spongy, absorbent fruit, which is most commonly purple, is used in a variety of cuisines. It is a berry by botanical description and is commonly … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Watermelon: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

The watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a Cucurbitaceae flowering plant species. It was originally domesticated in Africa as a scrambling and trailing vine-like plant. It is a highly cultivated fruit globally, with over 1,000 varieties. Watermelon is cultivated in a variety of climates around the world, from tropical to temperate, with its large edible fruit, which … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Sugarcane: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

Sugarcane, also written as sugar cane, is a kind of tall perennial grass in the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, that is used to manufacture sugar. Plants range in height from two to six meters (six to twenty feet), with stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are high in sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk internodes. Sugarcanes … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Banana: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

Bananas are elongated, edible fruits produced by many species of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. Cooking bananas are often referred to as “plantains” in some countries, to differentiate them from dessert bananas. The size, colour, and firmness of the fruit varies, but it is normally elongated and curved, with smooth, starchy flesh … Read more