Wastewater Management: A Case of Reducing Wastewater Release into the Environment in Urban Centres

Introduction Every person has a right to clean and healthy environment. A healthy environment is crucial to delivering Vision 2030, which is a long-term development blueprint. However, one of the greatest challenges of the twenty first century is the incessant of supply of clean drinking water for the millions of the living things all over … Read more

Difficulties Faced by Graduate Students in the Search for Information in Academic Libraries

Introduction Information is a resource that is naturally needed in all human endeavors and that is very crucial to the development of a nation, without which there would be no society. Thus, it is now commonly observed that the material prosperity of a nation is linked almost directly to its information wealth. The library is … Read more

Suspected female robber and her accomplice arrested for robbing POS operator in Kogi

The Kogi State Police Command has arrested two suspected robbers who specialise in robbing POS operatives. The suspects, Comfort David, 44, and Timothy James,38, both of Zaki-Biam, Benue State were arrested by operatives of the Intelligence Unit of the command. Spokesperson of the command, DSP William Ayah, who disclosed this in a statement on Friday, June 18, said … Read more

Improving Mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practices on Complementary feeding of Children 6 – 23 Months through Nutrition Education Videos

Introduction The triple burden malnutrition is presently persistent in developing countries and accelerated by poor quality of diets which children are fed (UNICEF, 2019) with under-nutrition being the major problem with 820 million people undernourished (FAO, 2019 and WFP, 2012). It confers negative consequences on individuals and Populations since it causes increased health costs, reduced … Read more

Lipidemia Status and Associated Factors among HIV Positive Persons on HAART

Introduction As global treatment efforts mature and more people receive life-long treatment for this chronic disease, progressively more patients who are already receiving HAART are switching to new programs for care, either to evaluate alternative programs, or to receive care closer to home. Thus, this group of patients is forming an increasing portion of the … Read more

Standard Units for Measurements in Electrical and Electronics Engineering

In the standard units of electrical measurement voltage is measured in volts (V) current in ampere (A) and resistance in Ohm (Ω). These units used in electrical measurement are referred to as the International (metric) System, also known as the SI System with other commonly used electrical units being derived from SI base units. It is however … Read more

Basic Electricity Law: Ohm’s Law

Ohm’s law states that at constant temperature, the current between two points of a conductor is directly proportional to the voltage (potential difference) across the two points. I α V Introducing the constant of proportionality, the resistance (R) we arrive at the mathematical equation that describes Ohm’s Law relationship as: Where: I = the current through the conductor in units of amperes … Read more

Chemical Composition and Organoleptic Attributes of Cowpea Leaves and Husks

Introduction Cowpeas (Vigna unguculata L. Walp) belong to the Family Fabaceae (Ibrahim, Satish, Ajay, & Karunakara, 2017; OECD, 2016). Production of cowpeas is both for its grains and vegetables. It is among the recognized African indigenous nutrient‐rich vegetables with the potential to promote food and nutrition security in sub‐Saharan Africa (SSA). The crop is originated from West and … Read more

Effects of Anthropometric Indices on Cognitive Performance of Pre-School Children

Introduction Infant growth is a process that involves changes in both size and behavior; physical growth contributes to the developmental process of the mental and cognitive abilities of infants and children that is demonstrated in motor and intellectual performance (Johnson & Blasco, 1997; Vaughan, 1992). Anthropometric measurements are commonly used as indices to assess physical … Read more

Causes of Anaemia among Women in Fish-Smoking Livelihoods: A Public Health Emergency

Anaemia, defined as an insufficient number of red blood cells in the body, is a major global public health concern which has been linked to morbidity and mortality, low productivity and poor birth outcomes in women (Figueiredo et al., 2018; Mann et al., 2002; Scott et al., 2014).  Well recognized contributors to the high anaemia … Read more

Impacts of  Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) Status on Health and Disease Prevention

Prieto, Neuburger, Spingler & Zelder (2016) described vitamin B12, (also known as cobalamin) as a water-soluble vitamin involved in the metabolism of every cell of the human body. It is one of eight B vitamins. Yamada (2013) recognizes vitamin B12 as a cofactor in DNA synthesis, and in both fatty acid and amino acid metabolism. This particularly important in the normal functioning of the nervous system via its role in the synthesis of … Read more

Importance of Folic Acid (Folate) in Ensuring Good Health and Wellness

According to Choi, Yates, Veysey, Heo, and Lucock (2014), folate, also known as vitamin B9 and folacin, is one of the B vitamins. Manufactured folic acid, which is converted into folate by the body, is used as a dietary supplement and in food fortification as it is more stable during processing and storage. Folate is required for the body to make DNA and RNA and metabolise amino acids necessary for cell division. … Read more

Treatment and Management of Diabetes | Types | Causes | Signs & Symptoms | Risk Factors | Complications | Treatment & Management | Prevention

Watson and Basina (2020) define diabetes mellitus (commonly known as diabetes), as a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does … Read more

Benefits of Antioxidant Rich Foods Consumption on Overall Health and Wellness

Antioxidants are compounds that inhibit oxidation, a chemical reaction that can produce free radicals and chain reactions that may damage the cells of organisms. Antioxidants remove free radicals from the body which can run rampant and actually damage cells, causing serious illness. Many health professionals use them for treatments of stroke and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. They have also been helpful in treating brain … Read more

Fatty Liver Disease: Types | Causes | Signs and Symptoms |Treatment & Management| Prevention & Reversal of Fatty Liver Disease

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (2016) defies fatty liver disease (FLD), also known as hepatic steatosis, as a condition where excess fat builds up in the liver. The amount of fatty acid in the liver depends on the balance between the processes of delivery and removal. In some patients, fatty liver may be accompanied by hepatic … Read more

Knowledge, Attitude and Adoption of Appropriate Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) Practices of Mothers and Its Impact on their Children

Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices during the first two years of life are important for the growth and development of a child. According to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) (2019), adopting optimal feeding practices is fundamental to a child’s survival, growth and development, but too few children have this benefit. Proper feeding of … Read more

Importance of Adequate Nutritional Knowledge and Practices on Pregnancy Outcomes

Nutritional knowledge has been proven to play a very vital role in adopting optimal nutrition practices in the health of every expectant mother. As a matter of fact, health and nutritional status of the population of a nation is an important indicator of development of the county (James, 2015). He added that Nutritional knowledge and … Read more

Nutritional Assessment, Prevalence and Predictors of Malnutrition among Children Aged 0 – 5 Years

World Health Organisation (WHO) (2020) defines malnutrition as deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. The term malnutrition covers 2 broad groups of conditions. One is ‘undernutrition’—which includes stunting (low height for age), wasting (low weight for height), underweight (low weight for age) and micronutrient deficiencies or insufficiencies (a lack … Read more

Comprehensive Assessment of the Causes, Treatment and Management of Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

According to Naish and Court (2014), hypertension also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. Blood pressure is the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls of the body’s arteries, the major blood vessels in the body. Hypertension is when blood pressure is too high. Blood pressure is … Read more