Role of Boys’ Empowerment on Academic Achievement among Lower Primary School Boys in Mombasa County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Boy child empowerment is a topic that is emphasized among many educationists today. It has been proven that pupils who receive proper empowerment tend to excel academically as compared to their counterparts who do not. Boys and girls need to be targets in these empowerment programmes. However, in recent years, it has been observed … Read more

Technical Secondary School Leavers and Employment Opportunities

Statement of problem Technical education has assumed an important role in Kenya’s development. This has been largely due to the manifestations of the inherent limitations of formal schooling. As school-leaver unemployment problem becomes more and more acute this seems to indicate to the need to reform the formal school system to adopt a practical bias. … Read more

Positive Deviance in the Adoption of Agroforestry Technologies within Lower Nyando Basin, Kenya

Abstract This study was set to examine positive deviance in the adoption of agroforestry technologies by some farmers in Kadibo Division, lower Nyando river basin in Western Kenya. The study was necessitated on understanding that despite widespread effort by extension agents to diffuse agroforestry practices in Kadibo Division, only a few farmers have been able … Read more

Factors Influencing Utilization of Dental Conservation Methods in Adults in Gatanga Division Thika District, Kenya

ABSTRACT Like most other diseases, oral diseases affect all people irrespective of nationality, race, colour and creed. Despite great achievements in the oral health of populations globally, problems still remain in many communities around the world. Dental conservation methods are those methods that can be utilized to maintain good oral health. They can be instituted … Read more

Effects of Land Use on Water Resource Availability in Muoni Sub-Catchment, Machakos District, Kenya

ABSTRACT Land use activities if unregulated impose a huge economic cost on water resources supplies, land productivity and water resources infrastructure and ecological damage to ecosystems. Water resource plays a central and critical role in supporting land use activities for crop production in Muoni sub-catchment. Land use activities such as unregulated agriculture and tree planting … Read more

Analysis, review and contextualization of lexical items in Chinua Achebe’s Arrow of God

Introduction In different geographical areas, phenomena such as time, dress type, mannerisms and even greetings will be expressed differently in either spoke or written language. This is because each society has its values, beliefs and aspirations. This is style within linguistics which looks at what is ‘going on’ within the language and what the linguistic … Read more

Chimamanda Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus and Half of a Yellow Sun – A Review of the Nigerian Woman’s Struggle and the Quest for Gender Balance

The Author’s Profile Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie was born on 15th September 1977 at Enugu, Eastern Nigeria. She grew up in the university town of Nsukka which is the fictional town in her works. Adichie’s two novels explore the complexities of human experience inspired by social and political events in her native Nigeria. Her first novel … Read more

Importance of Effective Utilization of Adequate Instructional Materials for Learners with Mental Retardation in Special Schools

Introduction The mythical birth of special education and systematic services for individuals with disabilities in general occurred in Europe in early 1800s (Smith 1998). A number of laws have been passed particularly in the United States to help protect the rights of exceptional learners and hence provision of services. The passage for example of the … Read more

Factors affecting academic performance of secondary school students and possible solutions to tackle them

Introduction Nations all over the world spend fortunes to enhance the education process. This is because education is considered the cornerstone of economic and social development. It improves the productive capacity of societies and their political, economic and scientific institutions. It helps to reduce poverty by mitigating its effects on population, health and nutrition. It … Read more

Deploying adequate and efficient cost-saving measures in improving KSCE performance among students in public secondary schools

Introduction It is widely believed that using public money to provide education will benefit society at large by generating increased wealth, improved employment opportunities and reduction in social problems. This scenario was evident in 1960 when massive increase in spending on education sector took 3.02 per cent of world Gross National Product (GNP). Also, in … Read more

Safeguarding Lake Ol Bolossat, Nyandarwa County by exploring the possibility of Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) Scheme

Introduction The state of the world’s waters remains fragile and the need for an integrated and sustainable approach to water resource management is as pressing as ever. Available supplies are under great duress as a result of high population growth, unsustainable consumption patterns, poor management practices, pollution, and inadequate investment in infrastructure and low efficiency … Read more

Evaluation of measures/strategies for the prevention of road carnages major urban and peri-urban hot spots

Introduction Definition of road carnages refer to any event that happens unexpectedly, without deliberate plan/cause or an undesirable or unfortunate happening that occurs unintentionally and usually results in harm, injury, damage, or loss of lives of persons for which compensation or indemnity is legally sought.  Basing this on global general view, the world’s first road … Read more

Population explosion in Mathare slum settlements  and its impacts  on cleaning and maintaining Mathare River

Introduction Many countries have made river restoration their priority because of the increasing awareness of environmental degradation. Over the past 20 years, since the restoration of rivers began, many approaches have been considered, and they have ranged from the idealist objective to re-establish the pre-disturbance aquatic functions and related physical, chemical and biological characteristics, removing … Read more

Investigation into the level of compliance with the solid waste management regulations 2006

Introduction High level of solid waste generation in most world cities poses serious challenges to protecting and promoting desirable human health conditions as envisioned in Chapter 6 of Agenda 21. The chapter focuses on five vital program areas (the necessity to meet primary health care needs, control communicable diseases, protecting vulnerable groups, satisfying urban health … Read more

The quest for effective water conservation: A study its prospects and challenges

Introduction Water is one of the most important necessity in the human life, it is used for different activities in their day to day activities, hence the need for it. Activities involve such as drinking, washing clothes and the household materials, for building purposes, for animal care both drinking and hygiene, for agricultural activities such … Read more

Instrumentalities for the enforcement of compliance on occupational health and safety measures in industries

Introduction Occupational health and safety (OHS) is a multi-disciplinary area that is concerned with the safety, health and welfare of people at the workplace (Ayubu, 2012) It can also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, supporters, nearby communities and other members of public affected by workplace environment (Ayubu, 2012). Industrialization has brought in its wake … Read more

Instream sand harvesting and its impacts on water supply

Introduction For thousands of years, sand and gravel have been used globally in the construction of roads and buildings. Today, demand for sand and gravel continues to increase. Sand accumulation as layers of sand deposits in river courses is a dynamic phenomenon. Rivers all over the world are under immense pressure due to various kinds … Read more

Implications of the ever-increasing population of water hyacinth on the fishing industry

Introduction Fresh water bodies constitute a vital component of a wide variety of living environments as integral water resource base in many human societies in the world. They have been regarded as key strategic resources essential for sustaining human livelihood, promoting economic development and maintaining the environment (Uganda National Water Development Report (UNWDR), 2005). Utilization … Read more

Quarrying Activities and its Environmental Health Implications among Inhabitants of Ndarugo Area, Kiambu County, Kenya

Introduction Mining can be described as the extraction of valuable minerals as well as the removal of other of geological materials from the earth. Mining is an activity that has been carried out since the prehistoric times, where stone and other metals were extracted from the earth. The process of mining has to prove profitable … Read more

The pains and gains associated with restoring the Mau Narok Forest, Kenya

Introduction The unique nature of forest ecosystems has long been acknowledged. Forest ecosystems play multiple roles at global as well as local levels: as providers of environmental services to nature in general- and humans in particular- and as sources of economically valued products. They provide ecosystem services such as river flow regulation, flood mitigation, water … Read more

Impacts of Participatory Forest Management (PFM) on Socio-Economic Development and Environmental Conservation

Introduction Worldwide, the inclusion of communities in the management of state-owned or formerly state-owned forest resources has become increasingly common over the last 25 years. Almost all countries in Africa, and many in Asia, are promoting the participation of rural communities in the management and utilization of natural forests and woodlands through some form of … Read more

Climate Variability: A review on how small scale arable farmers are adapting to its impacts (A focus on Chisare Village in Cherangani, Trans-Nzoia East Sub-County, Kenya)

Introduction “One of the biggest obstacles to making a start on climate change is that it has become a cliché before it has even been understood” – Tim Flannery, 2013. For that reason, how can one understand climate change? Planet earth is facing a huge problem named global warming. This is caused by the invisible … Read more

Artisanal stone quarrying activities and its implications to health and the environment

Introduction All over the world there is a realization that quarrying activities has evolved overtime to mining industry that has the potential to provide hither to unparalleled services to management in their efforts to reduce effects of quarrying risks to the human being and the surroundings. This potentially has been turned into a challenge and … Read more

Biogas Technology: Critical factors influencing its choice and adoption among peri-urban residents

Introduction The year 2012 was declared the year of sustainable energy for all by the United Nations in recognition of the importance of energy for sustainable development (UNEP, 2012). This recognition presents an opportunity to raise awareness about the importance of increasing sustainable access to energy, energy efficiency, and renewable energy at the local, regional … Read more