Nutritional and Health Benefits of Peanuts (Groundnuts): Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

The peanut (Arachis hypogaea), also known as the groundnut, goober (US), pindar (US), or monkey nut (UK), is a legume crop grown primarily for its edible seeds. It is commonly grown in the tropics and subtropics, with both small and large commercial farmers relying on it. Peanut pods grow underground (geocarpy) rather than above ground, … Read more

Dietary Management of Tuberculosis | Causes | Signs and Symptoms | Risk Factors | Mode of Transmission | Pathogenesis | Diagnosis | Prevention | Treatment

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. Most infections do not have symptoms, in which case it is known as latent tuberculosis. About 10% of latent infections progress to active disease which, if left untreated, kills … Read more

Dietary Management of Sickle Cell Disease | Overview | Causes | Types | Signs and Symptoms | Diagnosis | Complications | Treatment | Dietary Management

Introduction Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person’s parents; the most common type is known as sickle cell anaemia (SCA). It results in an abnormality in the oxygen-carrying protein haemoglobin found in red blood cells. This leads to a rigid, sickle-like shape under certain circumstances. Problems in … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Cashew: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

The cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) is a tropical evergreen tree that bears the cashew seed and the pseudofruit known as the cashew apple. Its English name comes from the Portuguese name for the cashew tree’s fruit, caju, also known as acaju, which comes from the Tupian word acajú, literally meaning “nut that produces itself”. The … Read more

Socio-cultural factors influencing acceptance of family planning among rural women of child bearing age in Urhiephron community  Ughelli South Local Government Area of Delta State.

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the study The principle of population control is family planning. Research on fertility determinant during the last four decades has focused on economic and socio cultural factors that affect the attitude of individual or couples towards family size. More than half a million women nearly all of them in … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Oranges: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

The orange is the fruit of many citrus species belonging to the Rutaceae family. Oranges are round, orange-colored citrus fruits that grow on trees; the term primarily refers to Citrus sinensis, also known as sweet orange, as opposed to Citrus aurantium, also known as bitter orange. Asexual reproduction (apomixis through nucellar embryony) is used by … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Garlic: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

Garlic (Allium sativum) is a member of the Allium family of onions. Onion, shallot, leek, chive, Welsh onion, and Chinese onion are close relatives. It’s native to Central Asia and northeastern Iran, and it’s been used as a seasoning for thousands of years around the world. It was used as a food flavoring as well … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Bell Pepper: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

The bell pepper, also known as sweet pepper, pepper, or capsicum, is the fruit of Capsicum annum plants belonging to the Grossum cultivar family. The plant grows fruits in a number of colors, including red, yellow, orange, green, white, and purple cultivars. “Sweet peppers” is a term used to describe bell peppers and other peppers … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Eggplant: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

Eggplant also referred to as garden egg is a nightshade plant that belongs to the Solanaceae family. The edible fruit of Solanum melongena is grown all over the world. The spongy, absorbent fruit, which is most commonly purple, is used in a variety of cuisines. It is a berry by botanical description and is commonly … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Watermelon: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

The watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a Cucurbitaceae flowering plant species. It was originally domesticated in Africa as a scrambling and trailing vine-like plant. It is a highly cultivated fruit globally, with over 1,000 varieties. Watermelon is cultivated in a variety of climates around the world, from tropical to temperate, with its large edible fruit, which … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Sugarcane: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

Sugarcane, also written as sugar cane, is a kind of tall perennial grass in the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, that is used to manufacture sugar. Plants range in height from two to six meters (six to twenty feet), with stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are high in sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk internodes. Sugarcanes … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Banana: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

Bananas are elongated, edible fruits produced by many species of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. Cooking bananas are often referred to as “plantains” in some countries, to differentiate them from dessert bananas. The size, colour, and firmness of the fruit varies, but it is normally elongated and curved, with smooth, starchy flesh … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Mangoes: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

Mango (Mangifera indica), a tropical fruit belonging to the cashew family (Anacardiaceae), is one of the most common and commonly grown fruits in the world. Mango trees are native to southern Asia, particularly Myanmar and India’s Assam state, and various cultivars have been grown. The majority of these species are found as wild mangoes in … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Pineapples: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical edible plant and the most economically important member of the Bromeliaceae family. The pineapple is a herbaceous perennial that grows to a height of 1.0 to 1.5 meters (3.3 to 4.9 feet), though it can reach even higher. The plant has a small, stocky stem with tough, waxy … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Green Beans: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

Green beans are the unripe, young fruit of a variety of popular bean cultivars (Phaseolus vulgaris). Runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus), yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis), and hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus) pods that are immature or young are used in a similar way. Green beans are known by a number of names, including “green beans,” … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Potatoes: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

Potatoes are a flexible root vegetable that is a popular household staple. They’re a kind of underground tuber that grows on the Solanum tuberosum plant’s roots. The potato is a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum, which is a perennial in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. Potato plants are herbaceous perennials with leaves that die … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Cucumber: Overview | Types | Origin | Nutritional Value | Health Benefits

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a common creeping vine plant in the Cucurbitaceae gourd family that produces cucumiform fruits that are eaten as vegetables. Cucumbers are a spreading vine that roots in the earth and climbs up trellises or other supports, winding small, spiraling tendrils around them. In the absence of a supportive system, the plant … Read more

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Tomato: Overview | Types |Origin |Nutritional Value |Health Benefits

The tomato is the nutritious berry of the tomato plant Solanum lycopersicum. The species originated in western South America and Central America. The Nahuatl (Aztec language) word tomatl became the Spanish word tomate, which became the English word tomato. Tomatoes are nutrient-dense superfoods that can support a multitude of bodily functions. Its dietary benefit stimulates … Read more