Disease associated with poor environmental sanitation

According to Terence (1998), the following group of diseases is associated with poor environmental sanitation.

  • Water related diseases
  • Vectors related disease
  • Airborne diseases
  • Rodents infestation
  • Food related diseases
  1. Water related disease

Insanitary condition or poor environmental condition of a community, indiscriminate disposal of refuse or waste to water bodies can cause pollution or contamination of water. Examples of the diseases associated with such condition are cholera, typhoid, dysentery, etc.

  1. Water related diseases

These diseases are caused by insects vectors in the environment that are living freely as a result of insanitary condition e. g overgrown weeds, poor refuse collection and disposal. These vectors transmit diseases either through biting/piecing of man skin to suck blood. Examples of such diseases are malaria fever, yellow fever, trypanosomiasis, etc.

  1. Airborne disease

Airborne disease arises from insanitary condition that could be a result of poor ventilation, overcrowding in house and community activities such diseases are asthma, tuberculosis (TB), etc.

  1. Rodent infestation

This result from storage, collection and final disposal of refuse and poor environment management of wastewater (sewage) such disease are laser fever etc.

  1. Food related diseases

This result from insanitary handling of food preparation, and preserving in a dirty environment and poor personal hygiene. Examples of such disease are typhoid fever, dysentery, salmonellosis, shigellosis, food poisoning, etc.

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