Branches of health informatics

1.    Nursing informatics: This is
the application of nursing informatics knowledge is empowering for all
healthcare practitioners in achieving patient centered care. Nurse
informaticians work as developers of communication and information
technologies, educators, researchers, chief nursing officers, chief information
officers, software engineers, implementation consultants, policy developers,
and business owners, to advance healthcare. It is basically the “science and practice that integrates
nursing, its information and knowledge, with management of information and
communication technologies to promote the health of people, families, and
communities worldwide.

2.  Physician informatics: The term physician informatics deals with the use and
integration of data, information, knowledge, technology, and automation in the
medication-use process for the purpose of improving health outcomes. It is
based on the use of information technologies and drug information to optimize
medication usage
. It is also defined as delivering health care services
with the application of technology.
3.    
Clinical informatics: Clinical informatics includes a wide range of
topics ranging from clinical decision support to visual images (e.g.
radiological, pathological, dermatological, ophthalmological, etc); from
clinical documentation to provider order entry systems; and from system design
to system implementation and adoption issues. It is
the application of informatics and information technology to deliver healthcare
services. It is also referred to as applied clinical informatics and
operational informatics.
4.   Health informatics: Health informatics makes
use of information technology in ensuring the well-being of individuals and the
general public.
5.     Medical informatics: It is the specialized application of information
technology aimed at optimizing medical care delivery.
This branch of informatics encompasses data acquisition, instrument interfacing, medical networking, data processing, specialized data management systems a laboratory
information management system
, scientific data management and knowledge management. Medical
informatics is the intersection of information science, computer science, and
health care. This field deals with the resources, devices, and methods required
to optimize the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of information in
health and biomedicine.
6. Telehealth or telemedicine:
Telehealth or telemedicine is the use of telecommunication and information
technology
to
provide
clinical health care from a distance. It has been used to overcome
distance barriers and to improve access to medical services that would often
not be consistently available in distant rural communities. It is also used to
save lives in
critical care and emergency situations.
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