The Greek and
Nigerian system of education are divided into three main levels; primary,
secondary and tertiary.
systems have two stages of secondary education.
exercises centralised control over state schools, by prescribing the
curriculum, appointing staff and controlling funding.
courses typically last a minimum of 4 years postgraduate
level) courses last from 1 to 2 years and doctorates
level) from 3 to 6 years.
All levels of
education are catered for by both private and public schools.
fall under the mandate of the Ministry, which exercises supervisory control
At a regional
level, the supervisory role of the Ministry is exercised through Regional
Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education, and Directorates of Primary
and Secondary Education operate in every Prefecture.
There are also a
number of private tutors schools, colleges and universities operating alongside
the state education and providing supplementary tuition. These parallel schools
provide foreign language tuition, supplementary lessons for weak students as
well as exam preparation courses for competitive national examinations.
Most of the students typically attend such classes (and examinations) at the
tutors schools in the afternoon and evening in addition to their normal
System of Education.
Both Greek and
Nigerian system of education are mainly divided into three levels, primary,
secondary and tertiary, but in the case Greek system of education, there is an
additional post-secondary level providing vocational training.
primary education. In Greek system, primary education is divided into
kindergarten lasting one or two years, and primary school spanning six years
(ages 6 to 12), but in the Nigeria system, kindergarten which usually span
between 2 to 3 years are separated from the primary level of education which necessitate
a condition where children attending the kindergarten to start school between
the age of 2 to 3 years old.
Both operate two
stages of secondary education. The Nigerian system is divided into junior and
senior secondary while that of the Greek educational system is divided into Gymnasio
(variously translated as Middle or Junior High School), a compulsory three-year
school, after which students can attend Lykeion
(an academically-oriented High School) or Vocational training.
The Nigerian system
of education is catered for by the Ministry of Education while the Greek system
is primarily catered for by the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs.
In both cases tertiary
institutions are nominally autonomous, but the Ministry is responsible for
their funding of the state-run school, in the Greek educational system, the
distribution of students to undergraduate courses are handled by the ministry
while the in the Nigerian system, the schools handle the distribution of
students by setting cut-off points using student scores in entrance examination.
Currently the Greek
government only recognises the degree programmes offered by the state-run
universities although there are several private universities and colleges
offering degree programmes that are validated and overseen by American, British
and other European universities. The Greek government is pressured to recognise
these overseas programmes. But in the Nigerian systems, all degrees from universities
accredited by National Universities Commission are recognised by the
In the Greek system
of Education, state-run schools and universities do not charge tuition fees and
textbooks are provided free to all students, although, from 2011 onwards, there
has been noticed a shortage in new textbooks, forcing students to either buy
stock books from bookshops, or participate in parent-teacher association-run
book trades, while in the Nigerian System, students are made to pay tuition
fees although it is comparatively lower that the fees charged by the
private-run universities and the student are made to purchase their books.
Giamouridis and Carl Bagley, Journal
of Modern Greek Studies, vol. 24, No. 1, “Policy, Politics and
Social Inequality in the Educational System”, May 2006, pp. 1–21.
Research Centre – Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs, The Greek Education System. Facts and
Figures (Supervision: Prof. V. Koulaidis. Compiled by C.
Papakyriakopoulos, A. Patouna, A. Katsis & S. Georgiadou), Athens, 2003. (ISBN 960-541-106-7)
Curriculum in Compulsory Education, IACM/FORTH, November 2003
report of Greece 2009 – Bologna Process: http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/hogeronderwijs/bologna/links/Greece.htm
UBEC. Universal Basic Education Commission”. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
Education Profile”. U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Nigeria.
T.P. (2002). “Why Governments should Invest More to Educate Girls”
World Development, Vol. 30 No.2 Pp 207 – 225.
Martha (2003) “Women’s Education: A Global Challenge” Sign:: Journal
of Women in Culture and Society 2003, vol. 29, no. 2 Pp 325 – 355.
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Capital Link”. A Paper presented at the Second Tripartite Conference of Manpower
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