Fermentation of Cereals | Importance and Benefits | Classifications

What is Fermentation? Fermentation is a metabolic process that induces chemical changes in organic substrates by the activity of enzymes. This includes the separation of energy from carbohydrates in the absence of oxygen. It can be more generally referred to as any mechanism in which the action of microorganisms results in a beneficial improvement in … Read more

Phytonutrients: Classification, Health Benefits and Dietary Sources

What are Phytonutrients? Phytonutrients, also called phytochemicals, are compounds or chemicals based on plants that have a beneficial impact on the body and may play a role in disease prevention and even treatment. Phytonutrients include carotenoids, flavonoids, isothiocyanates, and more. These nutrients do have effects ranging from antioxidants to anti-inflammatory agents, and properties that may … Read more

Electrolyte Balance: Functions of Electrolytes, Sources, RDA, Imbalance, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

What are Electrolytes? Electrolytes are chemicals which conduct electricity when mixed with water. They control the function of the nerves and muscles, hydrate the body, balance blood acidity and pressure, and help repair damaged tissues. Muscles and nerves are often referred to as the “electric tissue” of the body. They depend on the movement of … Read more

Importance of Microminerals Nutrients to Health and Wellness

What are Microminerals? Microminerals are minerals that are needed in less than 100 mg quantities in the body. Microminerals are iron, zinc, copper, iodine, fluoride, chromium, cobalt, selenium, manganese and molybdenum. However, there are some essential nutrients referred to as trace minerals or trace elements that are usually needed in microgram quantities in the body. … Read more

Importance of Macrominerals to Health and Wellness

What are Macrominerals? Macrominerals are dietary minerals needed in larger diets, often referred to as major minerals. Macrominerals are needed per day in quantities of 100 milligrams or more. Macromineral needs and nutritional concentrations are typically expressed as a percentage (percent) of the diet. Microminerals needed in human diets are Calcium, Phosphorous, Magnesium, Sodium, Chloride, … Read more

Dietary Fat as a Macronutrients and its Importance to Health and Wellness

What are Macronutrients? Macronutrients are the nutrients we need in larger quantities that provide us with energy. They are nutrients that provide calories or energy and are required in large amounts to maintain body functions and carry out the activities of daily life. There are three broad classes of macronutrient namely, proteins, carbohydrates and fats. … Read more